My visit was to campus Veterinaire de Lyon.
I met with Karine Chalvet-Monfray who is a Vet and statistician and is the Director at the Lyon campus.
This is a picture of Karine downloading the data from the temperature/humidity/weather logger located at the site we dragged for ticks at.
Magalie Rene Martellet is a parasitologist and works as a researcher and also has a clinical role with management of exotic pets.
Magalie spoke about the tick species that are found in France
Magalie also spoke about some of the work she has been involved in, she has worked on Hyalomma tick and its role in the transmission of Crimean-Congo Haemorrhagic Fever virus which is a significant illness for humans. Hyalomma tick has only recently been detected in France this is the link to an article which discusses its emergence https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27568169
Is a forecasting model that uses meteriological data to predict activity in different climates. Weekly updated maps show the risk of infestation by ticks, fleas, mosquitoes and sandflies in Europe to adapt pets treatment to protect them from parasites. This site can be used by people to check the area they are visiting for tick risk.
This is a multi site project across France. It started in 2014 and each area is collecting ticks to observe the changes. Each site use the same protocols and tick collecting is undertaken each month. The ticks are analysed to identify the pathogens they carry.
Tick dragging in Lyon
Karine and Magalie took me out to a park that they regularly drag for ticks in, they follow protocols that are used by all the areas participating in the project. This protocol dictates that amount, frequency and the repetitiveness of the sites drags. There were 10 sites marked within the park and each site was dragged 3 times using the flag technique- which is universally recognised as an appropriate method for collecting ticks. The third picture shows what we found at each drag, 9 nymphs were collected in total on the day and there was evidence of Larvae at 2 of the drags.
( Coincidentally Graham Charlesworth posted on the Southern Isles Veterinary Practice page in Benbecula that he had dragged on 24/02/19 in South Uist the day before my dragging lesson in Lyon and he found 60 ticks ).
Magalie summarised some of the projects that the researchers are involved in in collaboration with other campus’s in France.
There is work ongoing to develop a map to identify the risk of exposure to Ixodes ricinis ticks throughout France, the map is being developed taking into account of host abundance, climate impacts and the landscape in each area. The risk will also take into account the presence of humans within the areas.
Studies have been undertaken to look at the competency of squirrels to carry Borrelia and the role they have in transmission of the bacteria.
Images from Lyon
View of the Cathédrale St-Jean up on the hill
DA and I standing in front of the cathedral and overlooking Lyon
Some pictures of the Cathedral
Outdoor stations of the cross
Patisserie’s on every street- they cakes tasted as good as they looked